State of Ohio Record
15.95 pounds, 33 inches
2-4 pounds, 14-22 inches
The walleye resembles the sauger and saugeye with its long slender body. Sharp canine teeth fill the mouth of the walleye. They have large dark eyes which are above and to the front of the muscular cheeks. The olive-yellow color of the walleye shines with the sun and is more of a rownish-olive color without the sun. White spots are at the bottom edge of the tail fin.
Walleye are found over reefs, shoals of gravel, bedrock, and other firm bottoms. Most walleye are found in deep waters, while others have found many walleye fishing in the shallow weeds near a drop-off.
When water temperature gets between 40° and 50° F walleye will spawn usually in April. The female lay as many as 40,000 eggs that will hatch in about 10 days. Eggs are deposited in tributary streams or over gravel to boulder-sized rocks in reef areas. Many young walleye will feed on zooplankton and insect larvae until they start to feed on small fish after their first year. Adult walleye will feed on shad, rainbow smelt, shiners, and whatever else is available.